Category Archives: Disease

Risk Factors for Heart Disease-Health

Risk Factors for Heart Disease-Health

The risk factors for cardiovascular disease have been categorized by the american heart association (AHA) as follows:

Major risk factors that cannot be changed (increasing age, male gender, and heredity)

Major risk factors that can be changed (elevated blood cholesterol levels, high blood pressure, cigarette smoking, and physical inactivity

Other contributing factors (obesity, diabetes, and stress).

Major Risk Factors That Cannot Be Changed

Age

Approximately 55% of all heart attacks occur in people who are 65 years of age or older. This age group accounts for more than 80% of the fatal heart attacks.

Male Gender

Until recently, the incidence of coronary heart disease among women has been largely unexplored. Men have been the primary subjects in the coronary heart disease and risk factor studies because of the high incidence of both among men. However, coronary heart disease is also the leading cause of death and disability among women, accounting for almost 250,000 deaths annually. Women have less heart disease than men, particularly before menopause. The reasons for the difference include the following:

The female hormone estrogen protects the coronary arteries from atherosclerosis

Women have higher circulating levels of high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, which also protects the arteries.

After menopause, though, the heart attack rate among women increases significantly until the mid-60s, when women’s risk is equal to that of men the same age. An alarming trend in recent years is the increased incidence of heart attacks in premenopausal women who have been smoking cigarettes long enough for it to affect their health, especially when combined with oral contraceptive use.

Heredity

According to the AHA, “A tendency toward heart disease or atherosclerosis appears to be hereditary, so children of parents with cardiovascular disease are more likely to develop it themselves.” A history of first degree male relatives (father, grandfather, and brothers) who died of coronary heart disease before the age of 55 or first degree female relatives (mother, grandmother, and sisters) who died of coronary heart disease before the age of 65 indicates a strong familial tendency. If the family history is positive, the modifiable risk factors must be controlled.

Major Risk Factors That Can Be Changed

Cholesterol

Cholesterol is a steroid that is an essential structural component of neural tissue; it is used in the construction of cell walls and for the manufacture of hormones and bile (for the digestion and absorption of fats). A certain amount of cholesterol is required for good health, but high levels in the blood are associated with heart attacks and strokes.

The AHA suggests that Americans reduce cholesterol consumption to less than 300 milligrams per day (300 mg/day), that fat intake be reduced to a maximum of 30% of the total calories consumed, and that saturated fat be reduced to no more than 10% of the total calories. Many authorities are convinced that limiting total fat and saturated fat is more important than being overly restrictive of cholesterol.

Kidney Disease -A Common Cause Of Death Among Toy Poodles

Kidney Disease -A Common Cause Of Death Among Toy Poodles

Based on surveys, the leading causes of death among Toy Poodles are old age and kidney disease. Yes kidney disease! While it affects lots of people around the world, kidney disease is also common in dogs such as Toy Poodles.

The kidneys are organs that filter blood to maintain the balance of chemicals, remove the waste products and eliminate them as urine. The kidneys also regulate blood pressure, regulate the production of body fluid and produce hormones that stimulate the production of red blood cells.

Since the kidneys play various roles for the continued health of humans and animals alike, a malfunction in this organ can cause various problems. Canine kidney failure or kidney disease occurs when the kidney ceases to function properly and becomes unable to eliminate harmful wastes from the bloodstream. Kidney disease can either be acute or chronic. Acute kidney failure is an abrupt decline in kidney function that results to poisoning or external toxins. On the other hand, chronic kidney failure is a kidney disease that develops over a period of time.

Increase in water consumption as well as increased urine production are the early clinical signs of kidney failure in dogs. As the disease progresses, more signs can be seen. These includes loss of appetite, depression, vomiting, diarrhea, bad breath and ulcers in the mouth.

To diagnose and determine the disease, urinalysis and blood tests such as blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and blood creatinine are necessary. To treat the disease, large quantities of intravenous fluids are given to flush out the kidneys. This process, called diuresis, helps stimulate the kidney cells to function again. Other initial treatments include drugs to control vomiting and diarrhea, management of blood electrolyte abnormalities and management of anemia.

Diet and nutrition also plays an important role in treating the disease. A low-protein, low-phosphorus and low-sodium diet is advisable to help regulate or slow down the progression of the disease. As much as possible, give diet that is specifically formulated for your dog’s needs. Foods specifically formulated for dogs with kidney disease has a reduced amount of protein, minerals and salt.

Added advice to all dog owners, puppy proof your home before Fido arrives. Make sure that household chemicals even laundry detergents and bleach should be out of your dog’s reach. Regular check up is also advisable especially in adult dogs to detect kidney disease early.

Pointers on Escaping Gum Disease

Pointers on Escaping Gum Disease

Most people underestimate the impact of gum disease, and when they are exposed to statistics they are utterly frightened. A great example is a study done by the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research in America, 8 out of 10 adult

Americans suffer from a form of gum disease. These findings are a call to action for everyone. Thank you for reading about gum disease treatment and dentistry. Below is all you need to know to prevent gum disease. Preventing gum disease is actually easier than it seems. Maintain yourbrilliant smile for a lifetime with a few uncomplicated techniques. The first tip is to maintain adequate hydration. Water has mind blowing effects in terms of oral health. The mouth’s number one enemy is bacteria, and water is used to create saliva, quite deadly to the bacteria. Pure water is the type alluded to. Desist in drinking soda and sugary drinks. Instead of minimizing bacterial growth, these drinks provide a home for bacteria. More information on the topic of dentistry is located at dental implants sydney cost. You must also keep up your oral hygiene routine. These activities should include daily brushing and flossing to cover all areas and in between spaces in your oral cavity. Compared to a decade ago, so many dental products have come out to help

clean your mouth, like bent flossers, mouthwashes, and engineered toothbrushes. Dentists usually recommend brushing and flossing twice a day. Be careful not to brush too often or with too much pressure, as this may actually do more harm. A good brush goes much farther than a bad one done often. Third, remember to always give your dentist a visit. At least once a year, we should get our precious choppers checked. Routine is deep cleaning, but fillings are needed for those with cavities. Maintaining a healthy diet is the fourth consideration. What you ingest will be processed and incorporated by your body. Milk, cheese, yogurt, and other calcium rich food greatly benefit one’s teeth. It is never good to smoke or use tobacco. In addition to the commonly known ill effects of tobacco use, tobacco also adversely affects your teeth. It has been proven that tobacco users have a higher probability of getting gum disease. It is baffling how the number of individuals who have gum disease is too high. Many people nowadays barely have time for health care in general. However, you can be saved by the tips given here.

Oak Hill Dentist – What to Do about Periodontal Disease

Oak Hill Dentist – What to Do about Periodontal Disease

The Oak Hill community is located to the east of Washington Dulles International Airport, and is popular with commuters into Washington, DC. As part of Fairfax County, Virginia, it is located in close proximity to a number of excellent healthcare organizations. With so many choices, you can be assured that your Oak Hill dentist will be of a high quality. This can be helpful when the time comes to treat and prevent periodontal disease, a common affliction for older adults. Yet proper dental care begins in childhood. No matter what your age is, if you live in Oak Hill, you will need to find a local dentist to help you treat and prevent periodontal disease.

To get started, it’s helpful to learn a little bit more about what periodontal disease is and how it happens. It is an infection that can range in severity from mild to serious, which can attack healthy gums, teeth, and underlying bone structures. The disease usually begins with a buildup of plaque on the surface of teeth, which can become tartar over time. Plaque is a film composed of food debris and saliva. With regular cleanings courtesy of your Oak Hill dentist, you can remove plaque and scrape off tartar. At-home care is also extremely important, as regular brushing and flossing can also keep teeth clean.

There are a few signs that indicate you may want to see an Oak Hill dentist about periodontal disease. If you have red, swollen, or bleeding gums, this is one sign that there may be something wrong. The first stage of the disease is known as gingivitis, and is quite common. You can reverse the effects of gingivitis with good oral hygiene, such as brushing, flossing, and a diet that is low in sugar. If left untreated, however, the disease can progress to periodontitis. This is more serious, and can lead to plaque spreading below the gum line and causing further damage to the tissues surrounding the teeth.

If you have any of the symptoms of gum disease, it’s best to see your Oak Hill dentist immediately for cleaning and advice. It’s estimated that four out of five patients don’t know that they have gum disease, which is why regular dentist visits are so important. If you have red, swollen gums, bleeding when you brush your teeth, gaps in between your teeth and gums, and bad breath, these are a few telltale signs that it might be time to see a local dentist.

Comparing Epstein Barr And Lyme Disease

Comparing Epstein Barr And Lyme Disease

Lots of people face the danger of worsening infections and also ailments, due to wrong presumptions. When it comes to Epstein Barr, many mistake it for Lyme illness due to many related signs or symptoms shared by the 2. The following elements will let you notice the similarities as well as distinctions of Lyme disease and Epstein Barr to allow you to understand more about the two conditions:

Cause

Although Lyme ailment is caused by the bacteria, Borrelia burgdoferi, Epstein Barr is due to virus from the herpes family. Lyme disease could be transmitted through a bite of a tick, usually a deer tick that’s infected with the bacteria. The virus causing Epstein Barr, on the other hand, can be transported from a contaminated person to another through his or her saliva during romantic contact.

Signs and symptoms

The similarity between the two diseases is that they both reveal flu-like signs and symptoms, like fevers, chills, swollen lymph nodes, and headaches. There are, nevertheless, other signs or symptoms for each disease that make them totally different from each other. Other Epstein Barr signs and symptoms include a distressing sore throat, swollen tonsils, lack of appetite, bloating, perspiration, and at times, acute tiredness. In unusual cases, the central nervous system can be affected, but Epstein Barr has not been terminal. Other Lyme disease symptoms, however, include an apparent rash, erythema migrans, seen during its early stage, and joint pains. The illness, if not identified and also cured early, can develop to more severe heart and also nerve problems, as well as severe joint disease.

Diagnosis

Both Lyme disease and Epstein Barr could be determined with blood tests and clinical examinations, accompanied by the patient’s symptoms. The Epstein Barr virus can be validated if there is an elevated white blood cell count, and also by the percentage of atypical white cells. A positive reaction to a “mono spot” examination also claims the existence of Epstein Barr virus. For Lyme ailment, it may be easier for the physician to identify if the patient shows the bulls-eye allergy and also other Lyme disease symptoms and if the sufferer mentions a tick bite. Laboratory tests are then conducted to confirm the bacteria leading to Lyme disease.

Treatment plan

At this time, there’s no vaccine or anti-viral medicines available to stop and treat Epstein Barr virus. For the moment, steroids are used to lessen swelling of the tonsils as well as throat. The infection typically takes below 4 months. However, since Lyme disease is caused by bacteria, a period of oral antibiotic remedy should treat the ailment. For serious Lyme disease, antibiotics given intravenously may be necessary for a more efficient treatment.

Lyme diease and Epstein Barr are 2 distinct infections, even with some related signs and symptoms. It is very important identify one from the other in order prevent wrong presumptions. To be safe, always visit your physician for a proper diagnosis and treatment.

Alzheimers Is A Serious Disease

Alzheimers Is A Serious Disease

Alzheimers

Most medical volumes dump memory loss, dementia and Alzheimers together. What authors and physicians apparently fail to understand is that aging does not necessarily mean forgetfulness, and that Alzheimers is a serious disease, not a product of aging ells. The fact is, memory loss can occur to anyone, at any age, for many reasons. Chemical imbalances and reactions don not occur only in the aged, it just takes that many years for them to affect the brain. Comparing memory loss to Alzheimers is like comparing a stubbed toe to gangrene. I will let the experts explain the devastating effects.

The September 17, 1994 medical Journal the Lancet documented the striking differences in brain cell loss experienced by mentally alert elderly compared to those with Alzheimers. The study headed by Waren J. Strittmatter O duke University Medical Center found that Alzheimers patients autopsied after death lost brain cells in a much greater number and in more areas of the brain than in their elderly subjects. A certain amount of brain cell loss is accepted by conventional medicine to be a normal process of aging (not in my opinion, but among Alzheimers patients, the loss is much greater. In two Alzheimers victims, they literally found no brain cell. In the early 70s, a research team led by Dr. Crapper at the University of Toronto autopsied Alzheimers victims and each time found isolated aluminum accumulated in localized brain areas and incredible tangle of nerve fibers (neurofibrils; nerve conductors inside brain cells). If nothing is done, Alzheimers is quite3 literally capable of turning and thinking, living human being into a brain-dead zombie.

Tom Warren is living proof that Alzheimers can be reversed. Tom experienced a comeback to normal life after doctors told him he had incurable Alzheimers disease and would be dead within seven years. Fortunately for him, he did not take their word for it.

Tom describes how he went to specialist after specialist; scouring libraries, books and health food stores to read everything he could find on the subject. His wife, lousise, a pharmacist by trade, helped when his memory failed him. A statement he made that will stick with many was his regret that if he was not successful, he would no longer be able to make a positive contribution to the world. He also says, in the many papers he has written about his discoveries, than the Alzheimers sufferer is in a fight for his life and sanity and frankly, sanity is more important than life. I am happy to report that Tom Warren won his battle.

Memory Screenings Are An Essential Tool For Diagnosing Alzheimer’s Disease

Memory Screenings Are An Essential Tool For Diagnosing Alzheimer’s Disease

So you think your loved one might have Alzheimer’s disease. Did you know that simple and safe memory-screening tests are available to help your doctor assess your loved one’s memory and other mental functions?

“Memory screening tests are great tools that give doctors a benchmark for evaluating a person’s memory,” explained Jay Ellis, D.O., director of neuroscience research of the Berkshires, Pittsfield, Mass. “It’s so important for people with Alzheimer’s disease to get a proper diagnosis from their doctor so they can begin treatment, which can help slow the progression of symptoms.”

The Ins and Outs of

Memory Screenings

Memory screenings typically consist of a series of questions and tasks designed to test memory, language skills and thinking ability. Two common examples are the clock-drawing test and three-word recall test.

The clock-drawing test requires patients to draw a clock and set the hands at a specific time. Although there are a number of scoring systems for this test, the Alzheimer’s disease cooperative scoring system is based on a score of five points: one point for the clock circle, one point for the numbers being in the correct order, one point for the numbers being in the proper spatial order, one point for the two hands of the clock and one point for the correct time. A normal score is four or five points. However, a score of three points or below could signal possible Al-zheimer’s disease.

Another test, the three-word recall, is a simple examination where patients are given the names of three unrelated objects to remember-table, ball and pen, for example. The patient is then asked to repeat the three words, scoring one point for each object correctly recalled. This test is administered alone or in combination with the clock-drawing test. Later in the doctor’s visit, patients are asked to recall the original three words given in the beginning of the memory screening.

The Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE)-an 11-question measure that evaluates five areas of cognitive function: orientation, memory, attention/calculation, language and visuospatial ability-is another, more-complex test used to screen for Alzheimer’s disease.

Alzheimer’s Disease and

the Benefits of Combination Therapy

Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive, degenerative disorder that attacks the brain’s nerve cells, resulting in loss of memory, thinking and language skills, as well as behavioral changes. An estimated one in eight persons over age 65 and nearly half of those 85 or older have Alzheimer’s disease.

Although there is no cure for Alzheimer’s disease, FDA-approved treatments have been shown to slow the progression of symptoms and improve quality of life. A 2004 study in the Journal of the American Medical Association found that combining two classes of treatments, an NMDA receptor antagonist and a cholinesterase inhibitor, provided greater cognitive, functional and behavioral benefits to people with moderate to severe Al-zheimer’s disease than treatment with cholinesterase inhibitors alone. This approach to treatment is known as combination therapy.

Diet For Fatty Liver – Basics Of A Fatty Liver Disease Diet Plan

Diet For Fatty Liver – Basics Of A Fatty Liver Disease Diet Plan

Did you know that a simple diet could assist deal with fatty liver disease? Fatty liver disease is a liver disorder caused by too much fat, specifically triglycerides, build up in the liver. If left unaided, it can result in worse conditions such as cirrhosis and liver cancer.

The human liver has several functions such as bile production, blood regulation, detoxification, and metabolism. The liver helps emulsify fat, breaking down large fat globules into smaller ones which are broken down by lipase and other enzymes. It likewise assists regulate and manage blood sugar levels. The liver also naturally filters toxic substances and excretes them in the form of urine. Last of all, it helps metabolize carbohydrates, fat, and protein.

Once too much fat is accumulated in the liver, there might not be symptoms at first. They generally come out subsequently at a worse scenario. When someone is diagnosed with fatty liver disease, he or she can still have hope. It’s as easy as having an active lifestyle and a healthy diet that may help deal with fatty liver disease.

A fatty liver disease diet consists of low fat or non-fat food, high fiber consumption, and complex carbohydrates. One ought to likewise consider the essential vitamins, minerals, and food groups to ascertain the specific meals to take every day.

In a fatty liver disease diet, no matter if alcoholic or non-alcoholic, alcoholic beverages should be shunned. Even though meats are a good source of protein, an excessive amount of of protein in a fatty liver disease diet will stress the liver much more. Try seafood, beans, and lean meat – and especially those that have just been steamed or boiled. In any diet, much more the fatty liver disease diet, vegetables and fruit ought to constantly be present particularly green vegetables and citrus fruits which include folic acid and vitamin C, respectively. Another element in a fatty liver disease diet is the complex carbohydrate group, which could be found in whole grains, brown rice, wheat bread and pasta.

Fatty Liver Disease Diet

A Healthy Lifestyle – Tips To Prevent Heart Disease

A Healthy Lifestyle – Tips To Prevent Heart Disease

Heart disease is the number killer in America; the good news is, however, that this disease can be prevented. Research and studies have shown that with the correct measures and steps taken; this disease can actually be avoided throughout an individuals life. The following is a series of tips to prevent heart disease.

Firstly, comprehend the undeniable fact that you are what you eat! This disease is mostly cause by excessive fats in your body which clogs the blood flow in your arteries. Therefore, one of the most important tips would be to consume a healthy diet. Eat foods which are low in saturated fats while increasing your fruit, vegetables and whole grains intake. Try to not visit fast food outlets that often as fast foods usually boasts an excessive amount of fat, remind yourself how much unneeded saturated fat you are taking in the next time you gulp down a extra large cheese burger.

Furthermore, individuals with high levels of stress may lead to heart ailment. This is due to the drastic rise in blood cholesterol and blood pressure when you are stressed out. So, try not to fly into a temper and always be laid back, relax and of course, smile often.

Going on, out of the handy tips to prevent heart disease, it is particularly obvious that smoking should not even be included in any of your daily activities. If you have this awful habit, quit! Seek professional help if you are having problems in quitting. Plus, exercise at a regular basis to prevent heart problem. Exercising helps you avoid the disease and at the same time burns the excess fat in your body, thus preventing obesity altogether.

As a conclusion, practice a healthy lifestyle. Instill the tips mentioned above in your daily life for both you and your hearts sake.

Complications of Peyronies disease

Complications of Peyronies disease

Complications of Peyronies disease.

What it could lead to?

First observed in a time as early as 1687, Peyronies disease was first described by a French surgeon Franois de la Peyronie in 1743 and, hence, was named after him.
Peyronies disease is one of the most bothersome penile / sex-related issues in men. Estimates of the prevalence of Peyronies disease range from less than 1 percent to 23 percent. A recent study in Germany found Peyronies disease in 3.2 percent of men between 30 and 80 years of age. Although the disease occurs mostly in middle age, younger and older men can also develop it. Similarly, statistics show that Peyronies disease is more common in white men with Northern European ancestry and is rarely found in African- American men and Asian men.

Complications of Peyronies disease
If left untreated, Peyronies disease can lead to a number of serious psychological and physiological complications in men such as:
Penile curvature / bending: A plaque on the topside of the shaft, which is most common, causes the penis to bend upward. Similarly, a plaque on the underside causes it to bend downward. In some cases, the plaque develops on both top and bottom, leading to indentation and shortening of the penis. At times, pain, bending, and emotional distress prohibit sexual intercourse. If not corrected or prevented early, this could lead to permanent deformity of the penis.
Hardened tissues on other parts of the body: About 30 percent of men with Peyronies disease develop hardened tissue on other parts of the body, such as the hand or foot. A common example is a condition known as Dupuytrens contracture of the hand.
Urethral stricture: Urethral structure refers to the narrowing or obstruction of urethra (a long tube that carries your stored urine from urinary bladder to penis and, hence, expels it out of the body during urination). The most common cause of such stricture in Peyronies disease is the development of curvature or abnormal shape of the penis which causes a permanent twist / curve in the urethra itself.
Erectile dysfunction (impotence): Peyronies disease can easily lead to erectile dysfunction, the inability to achieve or sustain an erection rm or hard enough for intercourse.
Psycho-social complications: Complications of Peyronie’s disease also include inability to have sexual intercourse and embarrassment over the appearance of the penis. This can severely affect ones sex life and sense of ego, leading to overall deterioration of relations between partners and unhappy social life.

All in all, Peyronies disease is a bothersome, serious penis-related disorder that could negatively affect your sexual, physical and social life in multiple ways. Therefore, it is best to seek early solution of the problem as soon as any of the signs or symptoms is discovered.